All children have some difficulty learning at some time in their lives, but for some it becomes more serious. Children who have Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEN) find it much harder to learn than other children of the same age. This means that they need extra or different help in order to make progress and get a good education. This link https://specialeducationalneedsanddisabilities.co.uk/
These difficulties can be mental, physical, emotional or social. They can affect how well a child can think, understand and learn, or they may have particular problems in specific subjects such as maths. They can also have behavioural problems, such as challenging behaviours or difficulties settling into school life. They can have speech or communication difficulties, such as stuttering. They can have health or sensory issues, such as a chronic condition that limits strength, vitality or alertness, or conditions like visual and hearing impairments, or disabilities like deaf-blindness.
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Many children with SEN have a medical or other health issue, such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) or depression. If a child has these kinds of difficulties, it is important to talk to their doctor or health visitor. They can advise you on what action to take.
Children with SEN have a right to get an education that is appropriate to their needs. For example, they can get one-to-one or group instruction in a classroom that is modified for students with disabilities. They can also go to a special school (Swedish: sarskola) that has teachers trained to work with students with disabilities.